ADJ. large | small, sparse | overall, total The country has a total population of 65 million. | global, local, national, world | indigenous, native | adult, ageing, elderly, young, youthful | female, male | black, white | active, working Most of the economically active population is employed in the primary industries. | student | civil, civilian | prison, school | rural, urban | general The general population was in favour of the National Health Service.
POPULATION + VERB be sth, stand at sth The population now stands at about 4 million. | reach sth | exceed sth | double, grow, increase, rise | decline, decrease, fall | consist of sth | live The majority of the population live in these two towns.
POPULATION + NOUN levels, size | density | data, estimate, figures, projections, trends No reliable population estimates exist. | growth, increase | decline, loss | ageing | explosion | census | centre major population centres along the coast
PHRASES a decline/an increase in population, the growth of population The rapid growth of population led to an acute shortage of housing. | per head of population The income per head of population was under £1,000 per annum.