1 protection against disease
ADJ. strong | acquired, natural
VERB + IMMUNITY have The island's inhabitants had no immunity to the diseases carried by the explorers and quickly succumbed. | lack | acquire, build up, develop Once you have had a cold you build up immunity to that particular virus. | stimulate the use of vaccines to stimulate immunity | boost | lower High levels of stress may lower your immunity to common illnesses.
IMMUNITY + VERB develop A strong immunity to reinfection develops after one year.
PREP. ~ against/to The newcomers lacked immunity against local strains of the disease.
2 protection from danger/punishment
ADJ. complete, total | effective | diplomatic, legal, parliamentary Several ministers were stripped of parliamentary immunity as a prelude to facing corruption charges. | public interest The newspaper claimed public interest immunity when threatened with prosecution for publishing the story (= claimed that the public had a right to know about the story).
VERB + IMMUNITY enjoy | claim, seek | confer, give sb, grant (sb), guarantee (sb), provide | abolish, lift, strip sb of The Supreme Court lifted the company's immunity from criminal prosecution. | lose
PREP. ~ from Unions were granted immunity from prosecution for non-violent acts.